Paraguay is a country home to the grand Government Palace and the Museo del Barro, displaying ñandutí lacework and pre-Columbian ceramics. The Paraguay Guarani (PYG) is the Republic of Paraguay's national currency. It was first issued for circulation in 1944, and ever since then, the guarani suffered from severe inflation over its continuance. The name of the currency originated from Guarani, the main ethnic group and native indigenous language in the country. The symbol for the currency is ₲. The Paraguayan government approved the replacement of the peso in 1943, with the Paraguay guarani (PYG) as legal tender. The new currency was traded at a rate of one guarani to every 100 pesos meant to subdue inflation that was plaguing the republic.
Eventually, in 1960, when the guarani suffered from the same inflationary difficulties as its antecedent, the government was prompted to initiate a peg to the United States dollar (USD) with an exchange rate was one dollar to every 126 guaranies, which would continue until 1985. The currency's value underwent a rapid devaluation, so the Republic of Paraguay introduced higher denominations of coins and bills. In 1990, the first 50,000 guarani notes were circulated, succeeded by 100,000 guaranies in 1998. The guarani's value has continued to decline sharply ever since 1985.