The Battle of Pichincha is a pivotal battle in the road to Latin American independence. It took place on 24 May 1822 on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano. The rebels, led by General Antonio Jose de Sucre, fought against the Spanish royalists, led by Field Marshal Melchor Aymerich. Though the battle lasted for a day, it brought about the liberation of Quito. It also brought about the independence of provinces under the Real Audencia of Quito—territories that included Ecuador, parts of northern Peru, parts of southern Colombia, and parts of northern Brazil.

Depiction of Battle of Pichincha | Source: Wikipedia

Because Quito was an administrative center in the Spanish Empire, its loss was a huge blow to Spanish royalists. The following day, Simon Bolivar was acclaimed as the liberator of South America and the Real Audencia of Quito joined the Republic of Gran Colombia as the Department of Quito. Eight years later, the southern departments of Colombia, Quito, Guayaquil, and Cuenca seceded and constituted a new nation, the Republic of Ecuador.

Ecuador 1 Sucre | 2022 | Battle of Pichincha | Source: Numista

The Battle of Pichincha is celebrated in Ecuador as an important event in the road to their liberation and independence. To celebrate this brief yet essential point in history, Ecuador issued a commemorative coin in 2022. This coin commemorates the bicentennial anniversary of the Battle of Pichincha. It was a round silver coin that featured the national coat of arms on one side and a colored depiction of the battle, with General Antonio Jose de Sucre on horseback at the center.

Ecuador 5 Sucres | 1988 | Antonio Jose de Sucre | Source: Banknote World

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