The Emperor’s Day, or the Tenno Tanjobi, which is celebrated in Japan annually, is actually the reigning emperor’s birthday. The date changes every time a new emperor is crowned. During the holiday, people are allowed to enter the inner grounds of the Imperial Palace. It is one of the only two days that the general public is permitted inside, The other day is during New Year’s Day.
Emperor Naruhito – Emperor’s Day 23′
The reigning emperor Naruhito was born on February 23, 1960, and ascended to the Chrysanthemum Throne on May 1, 2019, making him Japan’s 126th monarch. He was born during the reign of his grandfather Emperor Hirohito.
This coin box contains a 50-sen silver coin struck between the reigns of Naruhito’s great grandfather Emperor Yoshihito and Emperor Hirohito. The Emperor’s symbol is displayed on the coin’s obverse along with a sunburst and two cherry blossoms. The other side features phoenix birds, a Pawlonia crest, and a chrysanthemum.
The obverse of this Japan 50 Sen banknote issued in 1945 during WWII features the historic Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo. The Yasukuni shrine was established by Emperor Meiji in June 1969 to honor those who died in service and those who served the Emperors of Japan. It is also believed that it also commemorates war criminals. To carry on with his grandfather’s and father’s boycott over the veneration of criminals, Emperor Naruhito has never visited the shrine.
The banknote also shows the imperial crest, a kite, and the seal of the Minister of Finance on the front design. The reverse depicts a mountain and a guilloche pattern.
Japan doesn’t feature a member of the Imperial family, but to usher in Emperor Naruhito’s enthronement, the government of Japan announced in 2019 that it will be redesigning its 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 yen banknotes in 2024, featuring the Great Wave of Kanagawa, Kitasato Shibasaburo, Tsuda Umeko, and Shibusawa Eiichi.