Francisco I Madero, a renowned Mexican figure, is celebrated for his multifaceted roles as a businessman, revolutionary, writer, and statesman. Serving as the 37th president of Mexico from 1911 until his removal in a coup d’état in February 1913, his presidency tragically concluded with his assassination. Madero played a pivotal role in the Mexican Revolution, igniting in 1910 and enduring until around 1920.

Portrait of Francisco I. Madero | Source: Wikipedia

Francisco I Madero was born on October 30, 1873, into a wealthy family in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico. Madero was well-educated and came from a background of privilege, but he became deeply concerned about the autocratic rule of President Porfirio Díaz. Díaz had been in power for over three decades by the time Madero began to challenge his regime. Madero’s opposition stemmed from his belief in democracy, social justice, and agrarian reform. He saw Díaz’s government as corrupt and oppressive, particularly towards the rural poor and indigenous communities.

Porfirio Díaz | Source: Wikipedia

The Mexican Revolution began in 1910, sparked in part by Madero’s call for political reform and fair elections. Despite being initially arrested by Díaz’s forces, Madero managed to escape and fled to the United States. From there, he issued the Plan of San Luis Potosí, which called for an uprising against Díaz’s government.

Francisco I Madero Alongside Presidential Staff | Source: Wikipedia

The revolution gained momentum, and with the support of various factions, Madero’s forces eventually overthrew Díaz in 1911. Madero became president, but his tenure was marked by political instability and opposition from various revolutionary factions, including Emiliano Zapata and Pascual Orozco. Madero’s failure to implement significant social reforms and his perceived alignment with the old elites led to discontent among many of his former supporters.

Victorian Huerta Who Ousted Madero | Source: Wikipedia

In 1913, Madero was ousted from power in a coup orchestrated by General Victoriano Huerta. Madero and his vice president, José María Pino Suárez, were arrested and subsequently murdered, an event that remains one of the most infamous episodes of the Mexican Revolution.

Aftermath of Coupe Against Madero | Source: Wikipedia

Despite his relatively short-lived presidency, Francisco I. Madero’s legacy as a champion of democracy and social justice endures in Mexican history. He is remembered as one of the leading figures of the revolution that ultimately led to significant political and social reforms in Mexico.

Mexico 500 Pesos Banknote | 1983 Francisco I. Madero | Source: Banknote World

In recognition of his legacy, Madero was featured on the old 500 pesos Mexican banknote.The obverse side of the banknote displayed his portrait, while the reverse side showcased various elements including bank guilloche, carvings on stone of Tizoc, the Aztec calendar stone, and the bank seal. Security features included a solid security thread with printed ‘BANXICO 500 PESOS’ and a watermark of Francisco I. Madero.

Mexico 1,000 Pesos Banknote | 2022 | Francisco I Madero | Front | Source: Banknote World

Additionally, the new 1000 pesos bill issued in 2022 depicts Francisco I. Madero alongside other key figures of the Mexican Revolution, including Hermila Galindo and Carmen Serdán, symbolizing their pivotal roles in propelling the Revolution forward.

Hermila Galindo | Source: Wikipedia

Hermila Galindo is commemorated in Mexico for her pioneering role as a feminist and revolutionary activist, symbolizing courage, resilience, and dedication to social justice. Her efforts in advancing women’s rights during the Mexican Revolution laid a foundation for future generations of feminists and activists.

Carmen Serdán | Source: Banco de Mexico

Similarly, Carmen Serdán played a crucial role in challenging the Díaz dictatorship and advancing the revolutionary cause. Honored for her bravery and resilience, Serdán’s contributions are commemorated within Mexico’s vibrant revolutionary history.

Mexico 1,000 Pesos Banknote | 2022 | Reverse | Source: Banknote World

The reverse side of the 1000 pesos Mexican banknote features a jaguar (Panthera Onca) in the rainforest and the ancient Mayan City of Calakmul in Campeche. This banknote serves as a commemoration of the Mexican Revolution, which commenced on November 20, 1910.


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