Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia, that has been shaped by the cultural influences of many different people. Indonesia has a very diverse culture that includes many different religions and languages spoken throughout its history. There are over 200 million people living in Indonesia today but this number has increased significantly since 1980 due to high birth rates and immigration. Read along to learn about the new Indonesia Rupiah banknotes released in 2022.

Map of Indonesia | Source: Nations Online Project

Early History of Indonesia

The earliest known humans to inhabit what is now Indonesia were Homo erectus who were present between about 1.8 million to 700,000 years ago. The first evidence of human habitation in Indonesia are from fossilized remains found on Java and Flores dating back 1 million years ago. Fossilized remains of Homo sapiens were discovered on Sangiran and Ngandong, Central Java, dating back around 40,000 years ago. It is believed that Austronesians first arrived in Indonesia around 2500 BCE from Taiwan or China by using watercraft such as canoes or catamarans. These people belonged to the Neolithic period which lasted from 2000 BCE until 1500 CE when they began transitioning into agricultural societies.

VOC United Dutch East India Company 4 Pieces Coin Set, 1745-1790 | Source: Banknote World

Over time the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began trading spices such as nutmeg, mace and cloves for gold or silver coinage. In addition they started colonizing parts of Indonesia. The Dutch gained control over Indonesia’s spice trade after establishing trading posts at Bantam in 1603 and Batavia (modern day Jakarta) in 1619.

Sukarno & Mohammad Hatta Declaring Independence 1945 | Source: Wikipedia

Dutch colonial rule lasted until the end of WWII. On August 17, 1945, Indonesia declared its independence from The Netherlands. It then stablishes itself as an independent nation under Sukarno’s leadership. Sukarno wanted to create a government that would be representative of all Indonesians regardless of religion or ethnicity—something which had not been possible during Dutch rule.

New Indonesia Rupiah Banknotes 2022

Indonesia 1,000-100,000 Rupiah 7 PCS Banknote Set, 2022 | Source: Banknote World

In August of 2022 the Central Bank of Indonesia released a newly redesigned family of Indonesian Rupiah banknotes. The date coincides with 77 years of Indonesian independence. They come in denominations of 1,000 – 2,000 – 5,000 – 10,000 – 20,000 – 50,000 – 100,000 Rupiah. Same denominations as currently in circulation. In addition they feature the same people who are on the 2016 series of banknotes which is in circulation. Some of the figures on the banknotes are Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, Djuanda Kartawidjaja, Dr. Gerungan Saul Samuel Jacob Ratulangi to name a few. On the reverse side are images of women performing traditional dances. All of the banknotes are in the same color schemes as before. However they feature new added designs and security features to combat counterfeiters. What do you think about these new banknotes?

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