Algeria is a country in North Africa, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Morocco and Tunisia, and Libya and Niger. Its southern border is marked by an arid area of steppes known as the Grand Erg Oriental (Great Eastern Sand Sea), which extends eastward into Mauritania. Algeria also includes part of southern Morocco known as Western Sahara. Algeria is Africa’s largest country. For much of the 20th century, it was embroiled in a violent conflict against France, the former colonial power. Much of Algeria’s history since then has been marked by political instability and conflict with its former colonial power. Read along to learn about the new Algeria 2000 Dinars commemorative banknote for 2022.

Ancient Roman ruins of Djémila, Algeria | Source: AS

Early History of Algeria

Early History The area now known as Algeria was first settled by Berber tribes that eventually became annexed by the Roman Empire. The Arab conquest of north Africa began in the 7th century when soldiers from the Umayyad Caliphate swept in and conquered the land and converted the local people. After being conquered by Arabs Muslims for centuries, Algeria became part of the Ottoman Empire. That lasted until the 19th century when the Ottoman Empire began to weaken.

Map of Algeria Under the Umayyad Caliphate | Source: Wikipedia

Algeria Under French Rule

In 1830, at the height of European imperial expansionism, France occupied Algeria when resistance to a French invasion force collapsed. The country was subsequently declared a French territory and French law imposed on its estimated 2 million inhabitants. The Algerian people mounted several uprisings against French rule during this period, including in 1871 (Mokrani Revolt) that was brutally suppressed by France, resulting in many killed or exiled to New Caledonia (a French colony at that time). Nonetheless, many Algerians sought to maintain their identity while working within a colonial system they hoped would eventually lead to independence from France.

Algeria 5 Francs, 1944 | Source: Banknote World Educational

After World War II ended – but before decolonisation began elsewhere around Africa – many Algerians became impatient for change; some even joined an armed insurgency which escalated into war between 1954-1962 after years of sporadic violence had already claimed thousands lives on both sides. Eventually Algeria gained independence from France in 1962.

New Algeria 2000 Dinar Banknote

Algeria 2,000 Dinars, 2022 ND, Commemorative | Source: Banknote World

Earlier this month the Central Bank of Algeria released a new Algeria 2000 Dinar commemorative banknote to celebrate the 31st Arab League Summit held in the capital Algiers. During the summit issues surrounding the Arab world were discussed. It was held on Nov 1-2, 2022. It also commemorates 60 years of independence from France (1962). The banknote is colored in green. Also it features both Arabic and English text. The obverse side features an image of the Martyr’s Memorial located in the capital Algiers. In addition you can find the official seal of the Arab League in addition to a map of members of the Arab League. On the reverse side you can find the Tikoubaouine Arch from Tassili N’Ajjer National Park. In addition to the Great Mosque of Algiers in the center also the Hoggar Mountains in the faint background. What do you think about the new Algeria 2000 Dinars?

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