Jordan officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine (specifically the West Bank) to the west. The Dead Sea lies along its western borders and the country has a small coastline to the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan’s most populous city as well as the country’s economic, political and cultural centre. Read along to learn about the new family of Jordan Dinar banknotes.

The monastery in world wonder Petra, Jordan | Source: AS

Jordan was named after the Jordan river which flows through it. Humans have inhabited what is now Jordan for thousands of years. The area was first settled by hunter-gatherers and farmers in the Paleolithic period. Permanent settlements appeared during the Neolithic period after an influx of nomadic people from the northern Levant (modern Syria). These new arrivals built fortified towns and villages in various parts of Jordan, although evidence suggests that permanent settlement was limited to a few areas along the east bank of the Jordan River. Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom.

Site of the Baptism of Jesus on the Jordan River | Source: AS

Early History of Jordan

The Nabataeans were a powerful Arab kingdom that rose to prominence. Led by King Aretas IV, they took control of most of southern Syria and western Arabia until they were conquered by Rome. In 1516, Ottoman Empire ruler Selim I incorporated Transjordan into his empire. The region was administered by Ottoman appointed governors which stopped many internal fights during relatively loose governing on the part of the Ottomans.

King Abdullah I of Jordan declaring independence, 25 May 1946 | Source: Wikipedia

After World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the 1920 San Remo conference allocated Transjordan to Britain as part of a proposed Middle East Federation. In 1922, the League of Nations recognized this and also granted full independence to Transjordan under Emir Abdullah bin al-Hussein. In 1946, following four years under British military rule Transjordan became an independent sovereign state known as The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Jordan 1-50 Dinar Banknotes | 2022-2023 | Source: Central Bank of Jordan

5th Generation Family of Jordan Dinar Banknotes

Towards the end of 2022 the Central Bank of Jordan put a brand new 1 Dinar banknote into circulation. This brand new banknote follows the same design as the previous generation but, this one has new updated features but, with more modern text and security features. It is part of the 5th generation of Jordanian Dinar banknote family. The other banknotes are 5, 10, 20, 50 Dinars. The green 1 Dinar features Hussein bin Ali on the front. On the reverse is a Rosefinch bird. The red 5 Dinar features Abdullah bin al-Hussein I and also the treasury at Petra. 10 Dinars is colored in blue with Talal bin Abdullah and also the roman theater in the capital Amman. 20 Dinars has Hussein bin Talal on the obverse and ruins on the reverse. The purple 50 Dinars features Abdullah bin al-Hussein II with the dome of the rock in the background. The reverse side also features the Wadi Sirhan basin. The rest of the banknotes will be released gradually and will co-circulate with the old family of banknotes.

Jordan 1 Dinar | 2022 | Source: Banknote World

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