In 1913 after the first Balkan war the region that we know today as North Macedonia was split between Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia. It officially became known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. It was occupied by Axis forces during WW2. Then years later it was reincorporated into the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and it remained part of it for several decades. Read along to learn about North Macedonia Independence Day.

Macedonia Independence Celebrations | 1991 | United Macedonia Diaspora

In June of 1991 other member states of Yugoslavia declared independence and were fully recognized by the international community. Macedonia saw this as a light at the end of the tunnel after years of economic and political turbulence. Macedonia’s independence referendum was held on September 8, 1991, to decide whether to secede from Yugoslavia. The result of the referendum was overwhelmingly in favor of independence, and it became the Republic Macedonia. The country’s name was officially changed to the Republic of North Macedonia in 2018. Now every year on September 8 North Macedonia celebrates its Independence Day.  Let’s take a look at some of their banknotes from their past and present.

Yugoslavia 10 Dinara | 1990 | Source: Banknote World

Before independence of North Macedonia the Yugoslavian Dinar was the official currency. It went through a lot of ups and downs before it was dropped by the new territories. One example from before independence is the Yugoslavia 10 Dinara banknote which was part of the 1990 convertible Dinar issues. The obverse side shows a girl. The reverse side features a partially pixilated sphere.

Macedonia 10 Denari | 1992 | Source: Banknote World

After independence Macedonia issued their own currency, the Macedonian Denar. It is said that the first issue were designed in only a few weeks. An example is the Macedonia 10 Denar issued by the National Bank of Macedonia in 1992. This is the smallest denomination in the series. It is a purple banknote and it’s obverse side depicts men and women picking tobacco leaves. Its reverse side shows the Ilinden Monument in Krusevo.

Macedonia 500 Denari | 1992 | Specimen | Source: Banknote World

Another example is the 500 Macedonian Denar issued by the National Bank of Macedonia in 1992. It is a green banknote and it’s obverse side shows a scene of farmers picking tobacco leaves and a diagonal red overprint with Cyrillic text. Its reverse side depicts the Ilinden monument in Krusevo and a diagonal red SPECIMEN overprint.

North Macedonia 10 Denari | 2018 | Source: Banknote World

A modern example of North Macedonian banknotes is the Macedonian 10 Denar banknote which is made of a durable polymer material. It is a multicolored it’s obverse side shows a 3rd-century BC alabaster statue of the torso of the Egyptian Goddess Ishida and a 4th-century BC crescent-shaped gold filigree earring. Its reverse side features a 5th-6th century AD peacock floor mosaic from the baptisteries of the Episcopal Basilica in Stobi.


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