Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, also known as Bangabandhu, was a Bengali politician and the founding leader of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. He was born in 1920 in Tungipara, British India, and was raised in a middle-class Muslim family.

Portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 1950 | Source: Wikipedia

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman began showing signs of political leadership during his school years and went on to study liberal arts, including political science. Sheikh became involved in the politics of the Bengal Provincial Muslim League, the All India Muslim Students Federation, the Indian independence movement, and the Pakistan movement and was repeatedly arrested because of his opposition protests against the Pakistani government. He was a major opposition figure in Pakistani politics from 1948 to 1971 and represented the Bengali grassroots. In 1971, he served as the titular President of the Provisional Government of Bangladesh and later as Prime Minister of Bangladesh.  

Rahman During Election Rally, 1970 | Source: Wikipedia

Banknotes To Honor Mujibur Rahman

The 2012 version of the Bangladesh 2 Taka Banknote was issued to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the country’s independence. Its obverse is graced with a portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. It also shows the National Martyr’s Monument which was erected as a remembrance of those who died during the War of Liberation that took place after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared independence from Pakistan in 1971. The national emblem is also added to the front design.

Bangladesh 2 Taka | 2012 | Source: Banknote World

On the reverse stands the Shaheed Minar at the University of Dhaka where Mujibur Rahman took his law studies.  The Shaheed Minar was built to honor students from Dhaka University and Dhaka Medical College and political activists who died during the Bengali Language Movement in which Sheikh Mujibur was deeply involved. The 100 x 60 mm banknote contains a solid security thread and its watermark reveals Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and electrotype 2.  

Pakistan 1,000 Rupees | 2018 | Source: Banknote World

The obverse of the Pakistan 1,000 Rupee banknote from 2018 highlights Mohammed Ali Jinnah who declared Urdu to be the only language of Pakistan that caused the Bengali Language Movement. The note’s reverse displays Islamia College University. It has a windowed security thread and a watermark that reveals the founder of Pakistan. 

Bangladesh 50 Taka | 2022 | Source: Banknote World

Tragic Ending

On August 15, 1975, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, along with most of his family, was assassinated in his home during a military coup by renegade army officers. The obverse of the 2022 version of the Bangladesh 50 taka banknote features Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed who is Mujibur’s daughter. She and her sister, Sheikh Rehana, were the only survivors of the killing. The banknote was introduced to commemorate the opening of the Dhaka Metro Rail. On its reverse are the Metrorail elevated railway tracks. Its watermark reflects Sheikh Mukibur Rahman on a pixelated background along with an electrotype bank logo and the denomination.  

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