The Venezuelan 100,000 bolivar banknote was introduced in 2017 as an attempt to control rampant inflation. This banknote features the same design as the 100 and 20,000 bolivar fuerte with only variations in color.
Design Overview of the 100,000 bolivar
On the obverse of the Venezuelan 100,000 bolivar banknote is the portrait of Simón Bolívar, also known as El Libertador (The Liberator), he was a key figure in the South American fight for independence. Bolívar stated himself that the death of his first and only wife caused him to change his purpose in life to that of independence.
Simón Bolívar came from a wealthy family in Venezuela and until his death in 1830, he had spent most of his family’s fortune fighting for what he believed in. To the left of Bolívar’s bust is a light green rapier with various vegetation patterns in the background. On the top right hand side is a star pattern with a red siskin and micro-text next to it. The president of the Central Bank of Venezuela’s signature is next to the first vice president’s as well.
Most people mistake the “100” printed on the note to mean 100 bolivars when in reality it means “100,000”. Under the number “100” are the words “CIEN MIL BOLIVARES” translated as 100,000 bolivars.
Design on the Reverse
On the reverse of the Venezuelan 100,000 bolivar banknote are two red siskins perched on a branch and the Venezuelan coat of arms next to them on the left. The coat of arms is printed on raised touch sensitive ink and is a prominent part of the reverse design. On the left and right of this note are the numbers “100” in repeat sequence.
Known as “cardenalito”, the red siskin is now considered one of the most endangered species of bird in the world. These birds are known for their vermillion colored bodies and black-feathered heads.
In the background is Venezuela’s National Park, El Avila which was established in 1958. The national park is also the only home to 9 bird species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.